Hostage Taking Is China – s Small-Claims Court – Foreign Policy, small claims court washington.#Small


Hostage Taking Is China s Small-Claims Court

Small claims court washington

When dozens of men stormed the Shanghai branch of USGFX, an Australian foreign currency trading firm, in July, the employees were terrified. Held hostage as assailants sealed the exits, the 20 employees — all Chinese — had their phones seized and only got food and water after they begged for sustenance. While 17 of the staff were freed within 24 hours, the remaining three were held for five days.

But despite the hostage drama, there were no SWAT vans at the premises, nor did local media show any interest. The company tried in vain to get the police involved, with initial reports suggesting that up until the day the situation was resolved, the police presence was limited to a visit by a few — possibly just one — officers from the local economic crimes unit.

In China, where it’s utterly unremarkable for one side to take hostages when financial disputes crop up, the story was no more interesting than a civil lawsuit. Given how reticent the authorities are to intervene, taking hostages is frequently seen as a better route than appealing to the courts. In fact, the courts are sympathetic to certain types of hostage taking: When debt is involved, the law considers it a lesser offense than taking hostages for ransom, and it is classed as “unlawful detention” instead. In practice, police often don’t even consider it to be an offense at all.

In 2010, one government hospital even refused to hand over a newborn baby to his parents so they would pay up for the birth costs. The baby was kept in the hospital for more than three months.

“Virtually all of the time, the police studiously seek to avoid getting involved,” said Dan Harris, a high-profile lawyer who specializes in Chinese law. “They see their job as maintaining social harmony.”

“The most common reason, by far, for someone to get taken hostage is when their company allegedly owes money to a Chinese company. They are typically resolved by the foreign company paying every dollar allegedly owed,” he said. “I am not aware of any instance in which there has been a compromise. Sometimes, though, when a company pays enough, we can line up a team and free the hostage.”

It makes a lot of sense for Chinese police to avoid getting involved in financial disputes, even when hostages are taken. One side of the dispute might be connected with a local government office or powerful business. Even if they’re not particularly powerful, they could launch protests, and the police might be blamed. It’s also fairly cheap and easy for one side to hire thugs, who may be better prepared for a fight than the police.

But the police are also predisposed to see it as none of their business. Public security is broken into two areas: minshi and xingshi. Translated loosely, they can be considered civil and criminal issues, respectively. When it’s a financial dispute, rather than a hostage taken for ransom, police generally consider it more of a minshi issue and thus more in need of mediation than law enforcement, if it requires any police input at all. Debt kidnappings aren’t the only situation this applies to: Even in fights with quite serious injuries, the police often attempt to negotiate a payoff to the injured party instead of bringing charges.

The theme of the wise official mediating among disputants has long been a staple of Chinese literature. In the modern context, the strangeness of the police’s dual role as social mediators and law enforcers has been noted by Fordham University professor Carl Minzner. Minzner attributes it to the authoritarian system’s top-down approach to dealing with tensions between citizens and the state and to the Chinese Communist Party’s refusal to allow the development of independent legal bodies that could deal with such disputes.

Harris’s China Law Blog repeatedly stresses the risks of being taken hostage in China over debts. In many cases, the best move for foreigners facing such circumstances is simply to get out of the country before the thugs reach you.

Often, precious little can be done to protect alleged debtors from thugs, and the courts and the police are of little help. This helplessness was on full display when two Indian businessmen were taken hostage for 20 days in the Chinese trading hub of Yiwu in 2012. The case came to a head when a court ordered that the two businessmen — who had been taken to court by the angry locals who had seized them — be released. The enraged mob proceeded to ignore the ruling. Authorities later managed to spirit the two men to Shanghai while the case was processed.

The case, of course, stirred up alarm in India — not least because an Indian diplomat sent to try to resolve the situation became caught in a violent fracas and was subsequently hospitalized. But Chinese authorities were, and still are, ill-equipped to understand the foreign perspective on these cases. Nationalistic Chinese tabloid the Global Times was oblivious to the root cause of Indians’ distress and was instead content to chalk it up to nationalism. The editors couldn’t grasp that most countries don’t see kidnapping as a legitimate response to debt.

As for the people who decide to take hostages, there are a pretty clear set of incentives — sometimes it works. In 2015, when investors around the country were left high and dry by Fanya Metal Exchange — a fraudulent government-backed trading scheme that was even advertised by staff of top banks — they formed a mob and grabbed the CEO, Shan Jiuliang, themselves, delivering him to police custody. In that instance, he was not arrested, but investor representatives managed to extract promises from him regarding their investments.

There are, of course, limits to taking hostages without a police backlash. If those taking the hostages are wielding weapons or take innocent bystanders captive, they are far more likely to draw attention from the police. In 2015, a desperate Gansu man leapt in a car in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, and took the driver hostage with a knife and commanded the driver to take him to the police. He was angry because his boss owed him money, but lacking any clues as to the whereabouts of said boss, he grabbed a random driver instead. He ordered the driver to call the police but ended up arrested himself and spent six months in prison.

The lack of police involvement in these debt-hostage situations, coupled with the economic downturn, makes China a ripe environment for loan sharks. One case that occupied headlines this year involved a debt collector who hired a gang of thugs to terrorize a 23-year-old man named Yu Huan and his mother to get a debt repaid. The police did not intervene, and Yu ended up grabbing a knife and killing one of the attackers after they pushed his mother’s head into the toilet.

Yu was initially sentenced to a life sentence, though this was reduced to just five years after a public outcry. The Southern Weekly newspaper suggested at the time that the death had only occurred after police had left the scene of the scuffle, leaving Yu desperate. Yu’s attorney indicated during the proceedings that they were considering suing the police for dereliction of duty.

This, it would seem, was finally enough to spur police action.

The authorities examined the case and exonerated all the police involved, saying they had only left to call for backup.

Photo credit: FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images

David Dawson is a journalist and editor in Beijing.


Justice Court – Town of Washington, small claims court washington.#Small #claims #court #washington


small claims court washington

Elizabeth K. Shequine – Town Justice

Jeff Feigelson – Town Justice

Louis Spagnola III Deputy Constable

  • Court Clerk Hours Monday through Friday, 9:00 AM 12:00 Noon
  • Court is held every Tuesday, excluding the 1st Tuesday of the month, beginning at 5:00 PM.
  • Special Prosecutor 2nd Tuesday
  • District Attorney Public Defender 4th Tuesday
  • Email: [email protected]
  • The Court handles all cases within the Town of Washington and the Village of Millbrook.
  • Acceptable Payments: Cash, Money Order or Credit Card (additional fee applies)
  • The Court Clerk may answer questions about court procedures but cannot give legal advice.
  • The court is created under, and governed by the Unified Justice Court Act.

The Town of Washington Court hears formal civil cases when either the Plaintiff or the Defendant resides in, is employed in or has a place of business within the Town.

Defendants are not guaranteed legal representation in civil court as they are in criminal court but may retain legal representation. People with low income may wish to contact Legal Services of the Hudson Valley which is funded, in part, by the US Department of Health and Human Service, the New York State Office for the Aging, and Dutchess County.

VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC COURT

Cases charging the commission of a traffic infraction within the town limits are filed in the Town of Washington Justice Court. Information regarding how to proceed with a traffic ticket may be found on the back of the ticket issued to the motorist. If the motorist responds by pleading not guilty, the Court Clerk will schedule a trial. The Court conducts non-jury or bench trials for violations, offenses and vehicle and traffic cases. If the motorist pleads guilty by mail, a fine letter will be issued that instructs the defendant on procedure and amount of payment.

The Court hears small claims cases up to a maximum amount of $3000 when the Defendant resides in, is employed in, or has a place of business within the Town. Individuals and sole proprietors of businesses may bring a suit against an individual, corporation, partnership, association or assignee in Small Claims Court by filing a claim with the Court. There is a filing fee of $10 for claims up to $1000 and $15 for claims up to $3000. You may not file a claim in Small Claims Court for over $3000. Small Claims Court is intended to provide a simple, informal and inexpensive procedure for prompt determination of small claims.

The Court hears Summary Proceedings/Evictions when the property and the Respondent are located within the Town. These proceedings include non payment of rent or holdover evictions. Plaintiffs may claim the full amount in dispute as there is no limit on the amount of the claim for which the Court has civil jurisdiction in such cases. The Court hears both residential and commercial landlord/tenant cases.

The Town of Washington Court hears criminal cases originating within the Town and has full jurisdiction for non-felony cases (misdemeanors and violations) to accept guilty pleas or hold trials. On felony charges, the court conducts the arraignment and preliminary inquiry and may set bail or hold without bail. If the charges are not reduced to misdemeanors, the Town Court transfers them to Dutchess County Court for final disposition. The Town Court may not accept pleas in felony cases.

Defendants have the right to legal counsel and to choose a jury trial or non-jury trial for misdemeanor cases. The Dutchess County Public Defender s Office provides legal services to criminal defendants who have been determined to be indigent.

A Town Justice may perform civil marriage ceremonies. To schedule a marriage ceremony, contact the Justice Court Clerk at 677-6366.


Frequently Asked Questions, DSHS, claim your cash washington.#Claim #your #cash #washington


Frequently Asked Questions

Welcome to DSHS Economic Services Administration’s Frequently Asked Questions!

After DSHS approves your good cause not to cooperate with DCS, you may decide that circumstances have changed and that you now want DCS to pursue child support. If you want to withdraw your good cause claim, contact the CSO if you are still receiving TANF or medical assistance. When the CSO tells DCS that you withdrew your good cause claim, DCS can open your support case and start collecting support.

If you do not get TANF or medical assistance, you may contact DCS and complete an application for child support services. You can download the child support application online, complete it, sign it, and then send it to DCS.

When you no longer get TANF and medical assistance, you do not have to return to the CSO to withdraw your good cause claim to get DCS to start collecting child support. If the DCS worker tells you to go to the CSO, explain that because you are no longer on TANF or medical assistance, the CSO does not have to get involved. If the DCS worker insists that you have to return to the CSO, ask to talk to another staff person.

Remember, while your good cause claim was in effect, it did not stop the child support debt owed by the other parent from growing. If there is a support order, the amount of support owed each month continued to add up the entire period of time good cause was in effect.

When good cause ends, DCS will send the other parent notice of the debt owed. Think about how the other parent is going to react to receiving notice of this debt from DCS. This is an important part of ongoing safety planning for survivors faced with this type of situation.

No. Both refugees and asylees are legally admitted to the U.S. because of the fear of persecution in their home country. The difference is that refugees are given admission before entry in to the U.S., whereas asylees arrive in the U.S. before they claim asylum and are given legal permission to stay.

Yes. Either parent may open a case with the Division of Child Support (DCS). In most cases, DCS will refer the case to a prosecuting attorney for paternity establishment through the court. That process usually includes genetic testing.


Unclaimed cash search online – find unclaimed money, claim your cash washington.#Claim #your #cash #washington


claim your cash washington

Enter the database search page for your free trial search.

Claim your cash washington

Fact. There is now an estimated $35-$40 billion dollars worth of unclaimed funds

in state accounts, wills and estates, insurance settlements, stocks, dividends etc –

All this money is waiting to be claimed by the rightful owners or inheritors.

Last year alone, over $2 billion was distributed by US states.

you to make UNLIMITED online money searches for any name.

that may be claimable by you and your family.

Claim your cash washington

Why is so much money unclaimed?

Many millions of dollars become ‘lost’ each year, and go unclaimed when banks, companies and government departments lose track of the true owner of the money they hold.

The period of time that must pass before an asset is considered legally abandoned – the dormancy period – is set by law. It varies with the type of property involved, but often runs up to five years.

The office of the State Comptroller is then in control of this money.

If no claim ever arises, the money will eventually go to the state budget or the federal government.

Often a check in the mail is mistakenly dismissed as junk mail, or simply misplaced. Uncashed checks are one of the most common types of unclaimed money in the database.

Dormant bank checking or savings accounts.

Forgotten savings bonds.

Tax refund checks.

Old travelers checks and money orders.

Unclaimed security deposits and utility deposits.

Death inheritance / wills.

Life insurance proceeds.

Safe deposit box contents.

Stock dividends and certificates.

It is recommended that everyone should check the depositories in the state that they live in every few years.

After a relative or family member dies, a full search of the United States should be done to locate any unclaimed cash or assets that can be claimed by heirs or family members. It is estimated that a fifth of inheritance entitlements go unclaimed.

Unclaimed money information is now also available for public use – State of Washington , Georgia , South Carolina , Indiana, Missouri , Alabama , Kentucky . Oklahoma , Massachusetts, New Jersey , Colorado , Wisconsin , Maryland , Virginia , Carolina, Arizona, New Mexico, and Oregon.

As a company can have its head office in any state, you really need a unified database of all US states, plus records of cash still in internal company dormancy periods.

State residents will most likely miss out on monies that they could have claimed. Plus it would take you approximately 50 hours to search all the government departments one by one.

Although this sounds like a lot of money, the average owed to individuals is generally under $500, although there are many finds of thousands of dollars. At a time when many people are struggling financially, it makes sense to claim everything you are entitled to.

Previously this involved a lot of hard work, writing to every possible state source, but now several internet sites with unified databases make it as simple as searching for your own name. (Remember to also search for alternative spellings of your name or maiden names.)

A Rhode Island story showing thousands are owed life insurance. 104 year old Harriet Landesberg recently found out she was the beneficiary of an old life insurance policy that was never paid out. A nice $5000 that will come in handy. The small state has $20 million of unclaimed life insurance on its books.

A WRIS report highlights over $1 Billion in assets that is waiting to be claimed in the state of Virginia. One interesting remark reveals that many people are sceptics. They just don’t believe that the government would give people money back instead of trying to take it.

Unredeemed Savings bonds – ABC reveals how over $16 billion is unclaimed in old savings bonds, with the average amount around $1000. The US government used to heavily promote savings bonds to the public with patriotic ads during the sixties and seventies. They often have long maturity dates of 20-30 years, which makes them easy to forget or lose track of. And many holders passed away before the bonds could be cashed in.

So it is well worth searching for the name of elderly relatives. Even a $50 savings bond could be worth over $500 today. The largest unredeemed bonds stand at several million dollars !!

This story from Forbes highlights the number of old life insurancy policies that have not been claimed, averaging out at $2000 per person. The report mentions that it is the state where the policy was bought that will hold the records, not where a policy holder lives or dies. This is why it is important to use a unified service to track down lost money, that compiles records all across the US.

Almost a billion dollars in unclaimed tax refunds is about to expire. Time is running out to claimed tax refunds from 2009. After April 15, any remaining refunds due will become property of the US treasury.

This report from Chicago shows just how easy it is for property to get turned over to the state. Ed White from Illinois returned from vacation to discover 3 letters from his bank, which administered some stocks in Kelloggs. The first letter had asked him to verify his address. The last letter contained a quarterly statement which revealed the stocks had disappeared from his account. Inspections revealed that shares worth over $3000 had been handed over to the states unclaimed property division due to ‘inactivity’. Mr White had previously felt no need to deal with the bank regarding these stocks, as all dividends were set to automatically reinvest for the long term. He eventually got the cash returned after making a claim, but the news story shows how easily this can happen.

MSN news has a nice article on how to retrieve missing assets. It turns out that many people remember that they have checks that they never cashed, or that is sitting in old mailboxes or safe deposit boxes. But it seems like too much hassle to actually make a point of tracking them down. This may have been true in the past, but with online databases it is now as simple as making a claim to get any funds reunited.

Remember to check these old lottery tickets – this story is a reminder of how much you could lose, with several multi-million powerball wins that could have been claimed .. Unclaimed lottery cash is returned to the overall prize fund, if a winner doesn’t come forward within 6 months.

Many local governments have commenced measures to make people more aware of the situation, including newspaper listings and social media campaigns on Facebook and Twitter. However, many citizens remain unaware that lost funds can be claimed, even many years later.

With complete online databases now available, tracking down lost money is now easier than ever. Simply search the databases for your name and missing funds could be on their way to you shortly. Even if you have checked at some point in the past, remember that the databases are constantly being updated.

Financial advisors recommend that you check for your name at least once a year.

Unclaimed Assets – disclaimer.

We genuinely help you search for and locate any money that you are entitled to.

However, you are responsible for directly claiming the money or property from any financial institutions or funds.

If your name is listed, you will have to contact the institution listed as holding the money.

Proof of Previous Addresses

Identification such as Drivers Licenses or Passports.

Except in the case of a court order, a customer’s information will never be released to any third party without the customer’s explicit permission.

CashUnclaimed servers do not handle sensitive financial information such as credit card numbers.

All financial transaction details are handled on the secure servers of PayPal.com

Check if you have cash unclaimed with this easy free trial search.

Money Search Info –

The searchable online missing cash database contains information on millions of dollars worth of property and assets, some of which may be legally claimed by you or your family.

The unclaimed money records will include the name, phone numbers and locations of the financial institution(s) holding the money as well as instructions you will need to claim the found money!

Update – Now includes missing tax rebates.

Claim your cash washington

It may take up to 4 weeks to process the claim. If you don’t get cash that

is reported as belonging to you, then any processing fees will be fully refunded!

Claim your cash washington

Note – If you have a relatively common name, then several people may be listed in the databases.

Simply complete the form to narrow the search, and reveal specific details under state and cities.


Small Claims, small claims court washington.#Small #claims #court #washington


Small Claims

A small claims case is a legal action filed in county court to settle minor legal disputes among parties where the dollar amount involved is $5,000 or less, excluding costs, interest, and attorneys’ fees. Forms that have been approved for statewide use are located within the Florida Small Claims Rules. The clerk of court may also be able to provide you with copies of appropriate forms.

A small claims action begins by filing a Statement of Claim. Small claim cases should be filed with the clerk in the appropriate county. Filing fees for small claims actions are established in the Florida Statutes and local county ordinances, and are subject to change by legislative action. The clerk of court may be able to provide information on filing fees.

After filing, each person or business being sued must be served with a summons/notice to appear in court on a date and time scheduled when the initial claim was filed. A copy of the Statement of Claim should be attached as provided in the Florida Small Claims Rules. Additional fees are required for service of process on the parties being sued. The court may schedule an initial pretrial conference and also order the parties to mediation to resolve problems. Defendants may file counterclaims, set-offs, or third party complaints as provided in the Florida Small Claims Rules. Practice and procedure may vary from county to county. The clerk of court in the county where the action is filed should be contacted for local practices and procedures.

The court cannot collect money damages for you. You may wish to consult with an attorney for advice on how to collect a judgment.

Educational Videos

These videos will soon be available as an alternative to the text descriptions above. The videos attempt to provide information on common issues that self-represented people have in small claims cases. Please note that these videos are not legal advice, and cannot be relied upon as such. If you have questions about this video or about the small claims case process that are not answered by these videos, please consult an attorney.

The Small Claims Case Process (coming soon)

Forms Relating to a Small Claims Action

The forms that may be required for a small claims case may vary from county to county. For the most accurate information regarding the forms necessary in your county, please contact your county self-help or small claims office.

Additional Resources

The following is a list of additional resources that may be helpful in self-help cases.

Locations

For locations of courthouses, clerks’ offices, or legal assistance programs in each circuit/county in Florida, please refer to the State Map below. Identify the circuit in which your case will be filed and click on the blue circuit link below to see locations that may be important to you.

The State of Florida Map of Judicial Circuits

Small claims court washington

Directory (With Associated Counties)


Municipal Court – City of Spokane, Washington, small claims court washington.#Small #claims #court #washington


Courts

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

On behalf of our judicial officers and court staff, welcome to the City of Spokane s Municipal Court website. Despite being one of Washington State s busiest courts, we deliver impartial, efficient and accessible justice that protects liberties guaranteed by law and provides open, just and timely resolution of all matters. Our guiding principles below help achieve this:

  • Courts must not only be fair, but avoid even the appearance of unfairness, which is why we adhere to the Code of Judicial Conduct and provide open records and proceedings.
  • Judicial independence requires that we follow the law and make decisions that we believe are correct, fair and just, even though those decisions may be unpopular.
  • Equal treatment for all, regardless of race, gender, ethnicity, religion, wealth, physical abilities, sexual orientation, or any other legally protected status.
  • Innovative use of technology to improve efficiencies and bring the justice system into the 21st century.

We encourage you to use this website as a tool for procedural information to learn more about our court and improving access to justice. While the law precludes us from providing legal advice and none of the information is intended to be such, our website includes links to local resources that may be helpful in that regard.

Thank you again for visiting our website. Our court looks forward to serving you.

Presiding Judge Shelley Szambelan

About Spokane Municipal Court

Spokane Municipal Court is a court of limited jurisdiction with statutory authority to process criminal misdemeanors and civil infractions. Spokane Municipal Court processes approximately 103,000 tickets annually:

  • 8,000 Criminal Misdemeanors
  • 29,000 Civil Infractions
  • 66,000 Civil Parking Infractions
Criminal Misdemeanors:

Criminal cases are brought by the City of Spokane against individuals accused of committing a crime. The City bears this burden because a crime is considered an act against all of society. The prosecuting attorney prosecutes the charge against the accused person (defendant) on behalf of the City (plaintiff).

Criminal charges are categorized as either misdemeanors or gross misdemeanors, both of which are punishable by imprisonment and/or a fine. Criminal misdemeanor cases carry a maximum penalty of 90 days in jail and a $1,000 fine. Examples of misdemeanors are:

  • Disorderly conduct
  • No valid operator s license
  • Possession of less than 40 grams of marijuana

Criminal gross misdemeanor cases carry a maximum penalty of 364 days in jail and a $5,000 fine. Examples of gross misdemeanors are:

  • Theft of property or services valued at up to $750
  • Driving while under the influence (DUI) of alcohol or drugs
  • Domestic violence assault
Civil Infractions:

Civil Infractions are not crimes. They are violations of law that have a fine or penalty amount but are not punishable by imprisonment. Examples of infractions are:

  • Speeding
  • No liability insurance
  • Expired vehicle license
  • Defective equipment
  • All parking violations

Spokane Municipal Court does not process protection or restraining orders, name changes, small claims or civil cases, or junk vehicle abatement removal and impounds under Chapter 10.16 of the Spokane Municipal Code.

Judicial Officers

Small claims court washington


Hostage Taking Is China – s Small-Claims Court – Foreign Policy, small claims court washington.#Small


Hostage Taking Is China s Small-Claims Court

Small claims court washington

When dozens of men stormed the Shanghai branch of USGFX, an Australian foreign currency trading firm, in July, the employees were terrified. Held hostage as assailants sealed the exits, the 20 employees — all Chinese — had their phones seized and only got food and water after they begged for sustenance. While 17 of the staff were freed within 24 hours, the remaining three were held for five days.

But despite the hostage drama, there were no SWAT vans at the premises, nor did local media show any interest. The company tried in vain to get the police involved, with initial reports suggesting that up until the day the situation was resolved, the police presence was limited to a visit by a few — possibly just one — officers from the local economic crimes unit.

In China, where it’s utterly unremarkable for one side to take hostages when financial disputes crop up, the story was no more interesting than a civil lawsuit. Given how reticent the authorities are to intervene, taking hostages is frequently seen as a better route than appealing to the courts. In fact, the courts are sympathetic to certain types of hostage taking: When debt is involved, the law considers it a lesser offense than taking hostages for ransom, and it is classed as “unlawful detention” instead. In practice, police often don’t even consider it to be an offense at all.

In 2010, one government hospital even refused to hand over a newborn baby to his parents so they would pay up for the birth costs. The baby was kept in the hospital for more than three months.

“Virtually all of the time, the police studiously seek to avoid getting involved,” said Dan Harris, a high-profile lawyer who specializes in Chinese law. “They see their job as maintaining social harmony.”

“The most common reason, by far, for someone to get taken hostage is when their company allegedly owes money to a Chinese company. They are typically resolved by the foreign company paying every dollar allegedly owed,” he said. “I am not aware of any instance in which there has been a compromise. Sometimes, though, when a company pays enough, we can line up a team and free the hostage.”

It makes a lot of sense for Chinese police to avoid getting involved in financial disputes, even when hostages are taken. One side of the dispute might be connected with a local government office or powerful business. Even if they’re not particularly powerful, they could launch protests, and the police might be blamed. It’s also fairly cheap and easy for one side to hire thugs, who may be better prepared for a fight than the police.

But the police are also predisposed to see it as none of their business. Public security is broken into two areas: minshi and xingshi. Translated loosely, they can be considered civil and criminal issues, respectively. When it’s a financial dispute, rather than a hostage taken for ransom, police generally consider it more of a minshi issue and thus more in need of mediation than law enforcement, if it requires any police input at all. Debt kidnappings aren’t the only situation this applies to: Even in fights with quite serious injuries, the police often attempt to negotiate a payoff to the injured party instead of bringing charges.

The theme of the wise official mediating among disputants has long been a staple of Chinese literature. In the modern context, the strangeness of the police’s dual role as social mediators and law enforcers has been noted by Fordham University professor Carl Minzner. Minzner attributes it to the authoritarian system’s top-down approach to dealing with tensions between citizens and the state and to the Chinese Communist Party’s refusal to allow the development of independent legal bodies that could deal with such disputes.

Harris’s China Law Blog repeatedly stresses the risks of being taken hostage in China over debts. In many cases, the best move for foreigners facing such circumstances is simply to get out of the country before the thugs reach you.

Often, precious little can be done to protect alleged debtors from thugs, and the courts and the police are of little help. This helplessness was on full display when two Indian businessmen were taken hostage for 20 days in the Chinese trading hub of Yiwu in 2012. The case came to a head when a court ordered that the two businessmen — who had been taken to court by the angry locals who had seized them — be released. The enraged mob proceeded to ignore the ruling. Authorities later managed to spirit the two men to Shanghai while the case was processed.

The case, of course, stirred up alarm in India — not least because an Indian diplomat sent to try to resolve the situation became caught in a violent fracas and was subsequently hospitalized. But Chinese authorities were, and still are, ill-equipped to understand the foreign perspective on these cases. Nationalistic Chinese tabloid the Global Times was oblivious to the root cause of Indians’ distress and was instead content to chalk it up to nationalism. The editors couldn’t grasp that most countries don’t see kidnapping as a legitimate response to debt.

As for the people who decide to take hostages, there are a pretty clear set of incentives — sometimes it works. In 2015, when investors around the country were left high and dry by Fanya Metal Exchange — a fraudulent government-backed trading scheme that was even advertised by staff of top banks — they formed a mob and grabbed the CEO, Shan Jiuliang, themselves, delivering him to police custody. In that instance, he was not arrested, but investor representatives managed to extract promises from him regarding their investments.

There are, of course, limits to taking hostages without a police backlash. If those taking the hostages are wielding weapons or take innocent bystanders captive, they are far more likely to draw attention from the police. In 2015, a desperate Gansu man leapt in a car in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, and took the driver hostage with a knife and commanded the driver to take him to the police. He was angry because his boss owed him money, but lacking any clues as to the whereabouts of said boss, he grabbed a random driver instead. He ordered the driver to call the police but ended up arrested himself and spent six months in prison.

The lack of police involvement in these debt-hostage situations, coupled with the economic downturn, makes China a ripe environment for loan sharks. One case that occupied headlines this year involved a debt collector who hired a gang of thugs to terrorize a 23-year-old man named Yu Huan and his mother to get a debt repaid. The police did not intervene, and Yu ended up grabbing a knife and killing one of the attackers after they pushed his mother’s head into the toilet.

Yu was initially sentenced to a life sentence, though this was reduced to just five years after a public outcry. The Southern Weekly newspaper suggested at the time that the death had only occurred after police had left the scene of the scuffle, leaving Yu desperate. Yu’s attorney indicated during the proceedings that they were considering suing the police for dereliction of duty.

This, it would seem, was finally enough to spur police action.

The authorities examined the case and exonerated all the police involved, saying they had only left to call for backup.

Photo credit: FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images

David Dawson is a journalist and editor in Beijing.


Hostage Taking Is China – s Small-Claims Court – Foreign Policy, small claims court washington.#Small


Hostage Taking Is China s Small-Claims Court

Small claims court washington

When dozens of men stormed the Shanghai branch of USGFX, an Australian foreign currency trading firm, in July, the employees were terrified. Held hostage as assailants sealed the exits, the 20 employees — all Chinese — had their phones seized and only got food and water after they begged for sustenance. While 17 of the staff were freed within 24 hours, the remaining three were held for five days.

But despite the hostage drama, there were no SWAT vans at the premises, nor did local media show any interest. The company tried in vain to get the police involved, with initial reports suggesting that up until the day the situation was resolved, the police presence was limited to a visit by a few — possibly just one — officers from the local economic crimes unit.

In China, where it’s utterly unremarkable for one side to take hostages when financial disputes crop up, the story was no more interesting than a civil lawsuit. Given how reticent the authorities are to intervene, taking hostages is frequently seen as a better route than appealing to the courts. In fact, the courts are sympathetic to certain types of hostage taking: When debt is involved, the law considers it a lesser offense than taking hostages for ransom, and it is classed as “unlawful detention” instead. In practice, police often don’t even consider it to be an offense at all.

In 2010, one government hospital even refused to hand over a newborn baby to his parents so they would pay up for the birth costs. The baby was kept in the hospital for more than three months.

“Virtually all of the time, the police studiously seek to avoid getting involved,” said Dan Harris, a high-profile lawyer who specializes in Chinese law. “They see their job as maintaining social harmony.”

“The most common reason, by far, for someone to get taken hostage is when their company allegedly owes money to a Chinese company. They are typically resolved by the foreign company paying every dollar allegedly owed,” he said. “I am not aware of any instance in which there has been a compromise. Sometimes, though, when a company pays enough, we can line up a team and free the hostage.”

It makes a lot of sense for Chinese police to avoid getting involved in financial disputes, even when hostages are taken. One side of the dispute might be connected with a local government office or powerful business. Even if they’re not particularly powerful, they could launch protests, and the police might be blamed. It’s also fairly cheap and easy for one side to hire thugs, who may be better prepared for a fight than the police.

But the police are also predisposed to see it as none of their business. Public security is broken into two areas: minshi and xingshi. Translated loosely, they can be considered civil and criminal issues, respectively. When it’s a financial dispute, rather than a hostage taken for ransom, police generally consider it more of a minshi issue and thus more in need of mediation than law enforcement, if it requires any police input at all. Debt kidnappings aren’t the only situation this applies to: Even in fights with quite serious injuries, the police often attempt to negotiate a payoff to the injured party instead of bringing charges.

The theme of the wise official mediating among disputants has long been a staple of Chinese literature. In the modern context, the strangeness of the police’s dual role as social mediators and law enforcers has been noted by Fordham University professor Carl Minzner. Minzner attributes it to the authoritarian system’s top-down approach to dealing with tensions between citizens and the state and to the Chinese Communist Party’s refusal to allow the development of independent legal bodies that could deal with such disputes.

Harris’s China Law Blog repeatedly stresses the risks of being taken hostage in China over debts. In many cases, the best move for foreigners facing such circumstances is simply to get out of the country before the thugs reach you.

Often, precious little can be done to protect alleged debtors from thugs, and the courts and the police are of little help. This helplessness was on full display when two Indian businessmen were taken hostage for 20 days in the Chinese trading hub of Yiwu in 2012. The case came to a head when a court ordered that the two businessmen — who had been taken to court by the angry locals who had seized them — be released. The enraged mob proceeded to ignore the ruling. Authorities later managed to spirit the two men to Shanghai while the case was processed.

The case, of course, stirred up alarm in India — not least because an Indian diplomat sent to try to resolve the situation became caught in a violent fracas and was subsequently hospitalized. But Chinese authorities were, and still are, ill-equipped to understand the foreign perspective on these cases. Nationalistic Chinese tabloid the Global Times was oblivious to the root cause of Indians’ distress and was instead content to chalk it up to nationalism. The editors couldn’t grasp that most countries don’t see kidnapping as a legitimate response to debt.

As for the people who decide to take hostages, there are a pretty clear set of incentives — sometimes it works. In 2015, when investors around the country were left high and dry by Fanya Metal Exchange — a fraudulent government-backed trading scheme that was even advertised by staff of top banks — they formed a mob and grabbed the CEO, Shan Jiuliang, themselves, delivering him to police custody. In that instance, he was not arrested, but investor representatives managed to extract promises from him regarding their investments.

There are, of course, limits to taking hostages without a police backlash. If those taking the hostages are wielding weapons or take innocent bystanders captive, they are far more likely to draw attention from the police. In 2015, a desperate Gansu man leapt in a car in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, and took the driver hostage with a knife and commanded the driver to take him to the police. He was angry because his boss owed him money, but lacking any clues as to the whereabouts of said boss, he grabbed a random driver instead. He ordered the driver to call the police but ended up arrested himself and spent six months in prison.

The lack of police involvement in these debt-hostage situations, coupled with the economic downturn, makes China a ripe environment for loan sharks. One case that occupied headlines this year involved a debt collector who hired a gang of thugs to terrorize a 23-year-old man named Yu Huan and his mother to get a debt repaid. The police did not intervene, and Yu ended up grabbing a knife and killing one of the attackers after they pushed his mother’s head into the toilet.

Yu was initially sentenced to a life sentence, though this was reduced to just five years after a public outcry. The Southern Weekly newspaper suggested at the time that the death had only occurred after police had left the scene of the scuffle, leaving Yu desperate. Yu’s attorney indicated during the proceedings that they were considering suing the police for dereliction of duty.

This, it would seem, was finally enough to spur police action.

The authorities examined the case and exonerated all the police involved, saying they had only left to call for backup.

Photo credit: FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images

David Dawson is a journalist and editor in Beijing.


How to File Small Claims Court California, Small Claims Filing, small claims court washington.#Small #claims


small claims court washington

Welcome to smallclaimsdepartment.com.

Small claims court washington

We’re so glad you found us. Smallclaimsdepartment.com now processes Small Claims cases in the Western United States . We started out Filing and Serving Small Claims cases in California in 1993. The success has now brought us into Washington , Oregon , Nevada , Arizona , Texas , Washington and New York .

If you’ve found this site, there is somebody (or company) who owes you money. If you entrust us with your claim, we will aggressively, accurately and assertively process your case!

The motto of smallclaimsdepartment.com has always been:

We Prepare, File, Serve, File Proof of Services on your case. By the time we are finished, you are ready to go to court.

Simply fill-out our online questionnaire, sit back and let us do the work.

Your job: Go to court, win your case, and get back what is rightfully yours!

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Your only responsibility in the small claims process is to

show up at the hearing and win your case.

Small claims court washingtonSmall claims court washingtonSmall claims court washington

Small claims court washington

Small claims court washington


Frequently Asked Questions, DSHS, claim your cash washington.#Claim #your #cash #washington


Frequently Asked Questions

Welcome to DSHS Economic Services Administration’s Frequently Asked Questions!

After DSHS approves your good cause not to cooperate with DCS, you may decide that circumstances have changed and that you now want DCS to pursue child support. If you want to withdraw your good cause claim, contact the CSO if you are still receiving TANF or medical assistance. When the CSO tells DCS that you withdrew your good cause claim, DCS can open your support case and start collecting support.

If you do not get TANF or medical assistance, you may contact DCS and complete an application for child support services. You can download the child support application online, complete it, sign it, and then send it to DCS.

When you no longer get TANF and medical assistance, you do not have to return to the CSO to withdraw your good cause claim to get DCS to start collecting child support. If the DCS worker tells you to go to the CSO, explain that because you are no longer on TANF or medical assistance, the CSO does not have to get involved. If the DCS worker insists that you have to return to the CSO, ask to talk to another staff person.

Remember, while your good cause claim was in effect, it did not stop the child support debt owed by the other parent from growing. If there is a support order, the amount of support owed each month continued to add up the entire period of time good cause was in effect.

When good cause ends, DCS will send the other parent notice of the debt owed. Think about how the other parent is going to react to receiving notice of this debt from DCS. This is an important part of ongoing safety planning for survivors faced with this type of situation.

No. Both refugees and asylees are legally admitted to the U.S. because of the fear of persecution in their home country. The difference is that refugees are given admission before entry in to the U.S., whereas asylees arrive in the U.S. before they claim asylum and are given legal permission to stay.

Yes. Either parent may open a case with the Division of Child Support (DCS). In most cases, DCS will refer the case to a prosecuting attorney for paternity establishment through the court. That process usually includes genetic testing.