___ Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region)
Destination Tibet, a virtual guide to the Land of Snows , also known as “the Roof the World”. Tibet is located on the northern side of the Himalayas, north of India. Nepal. Bhutan and Myanmar (Burma) on the barren tableland of the Tibetan Plateau, the world’s highest region with an average altitude of more than 4,000 m above sea level.
Since China’s Peaceful Liberation of Tibet in 1949-50, the region is de facto an administrative division of the People’s Republic of China, known as the Xizang Autonomous Region.
The Autonomous Region covers an area of 1,228,400 km², this is larger than twice the size of France. or four times the size of Arizona .
The least densely populated division of the PRC has a population of estimated 3.2 million people, taken into account that China’s National Strategic Project to Develop the West, introduced during the 1980s, encourages the migration of Han Chinese people from other regions of China into Tibet.
Tibet | Xizang | བོད | 西藏
Tibet is comprised of the three provinces of Amdo (now split by China into the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu Sichuan), Kham (largely incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Qinghai), and U-Tsang (which, together with western Kham, is today referred to by China as the Tibet Autonomous Region).
The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) comprises less than half of historic Tibet and was created by China in 1965 for administrative reasons. It is important to note that when Chinese officials and publications use the term Tibet they mean only the TAR.
Tibetans use the term Tibet to mean the three provinces described above, i.e. the area traditionally known as Tibet before the 1949-50 invasion.
(Source: The Office of Tibet)
short form: Xizang
int’l long form: Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR)
int’l short form: Tibet
etymological. the name Tibet is derived from the Sanskrit word Trivistapa which means heaven. Tibetans called their homeland Bod.
Capital City: Lhasa
(3 650 m above sea level)
Shigatse, Gyangtse, Qamdo, Jyekundo, Dartsedo, Golmud, Lhatse, Maqin, Pelbar, Sakya, Tingri.
Type: Communist party-led state (People’s Republic of China)
The Tibet Autonomous Region was founded on 9 September 1965.
Location: Asia, north of India, located on the Tibetan Plateau, the world’s highest region.
Area–TAR: 1.2m sq km (471 700 sq miles), Bod: 2.5 million sq. km, approximately the size of Western Europe.
Terrain: 70% Grassland; from high plateau to tropical forest
Climate: Average temperture 28 degrees Celsius (Summer) -15 degrees Celsius (in Winter), extremely dry except during rainy season (July-August)
Population: 3.2 million
Ethnic Groups: primarily ethnic Tibetans; Menba, Lhoba, Mongols, Hui and a growing number of Han Chinese.
Religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Animism
Languages. Tibetan, Chinese
Natural resources: Forests, wildlife, mineral resources, uranium (world’s largest uranium reserve), hydro-, geothermal energy.
Agriculture products: Livestock and livestock products.
Industries: Mining, wool spinning, carpets, forestry, food processing, printing, building materials and machinery, tourism.
Currency: Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Tibet
Chinese Government Online
Official electronic communication platform of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China.
Tibet — Its Ownership And Human Rights Situation
The People’s Republic of China White Papers express China’s position or better possession of Tibet.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
There you can find a list of Diplomatic Missions of China abroad.
Tibetan Government in Exile
The Tibetan Government in Exile’s Official Web Site by The Office of Tibet, the official agency of H.H. the Dalai Lama.
Maps of Tibet
Administrative Map of China
Political Map of China’s Administrative Divisions.
Google Earth Tibet
Searchable map and satellite view of Xizang (Tibet).
Google Earth Lhasa
Searchable map and satellite view of Tibet’s capital.
Google Earth Mount Kailash
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Kailash region.
Google Earth Mount Everest
Satellite view of Mount Everest region.
Google Earth Potala Palace
Annotated satellite view of the former residence of the Dalai Lama.